Oregon Business Pow Wow


3T   http://www.3t.nl
ABTECH   http://www.abtechsci.com/
ACLARA   http://www.aclara.com/
AcousTech, Inc.   http://www.acoustech-inc.com/
ACSI  Advanced Custom Sensors, Inc.   www.acsensor.com
ACT MicroDevices, Inc.    http://www.haleos.com/
Advanced Micro Silicon Technology   http://www.amst.co.kr/
Advanced Micromachines, Inc.   http://www.memslink.com ,
Advanced MicroSensors    http://www.advancedmicrosensors.com/
Advanced Sensor Technologies http://advsensortech.com/
Affymetrix   http://www.affymetrix.com/    analyze genetic info
Agilent  http://we.home.agilent.com/
Alberta Microelectronics Corporation   http://www.amc.ualberta.ca/
ALCATEL  http://www.alcatelvacuum.com
Alcatel Optronics Netherlands http://www.alcatel-optronics.nl/mems/odin/webform.shtml
Algor  http://algor.com/
Åmic   http://www.amic.se/
Amkor Technologies http://www.amkor.com/enablingtechnologies/MEMs/index.cfm
Analog Devices   http://www.analog.com/iMEMS/
ANTechnology   http://www.antechnology.com/
Applied MEMS  http://www.appliedmems.cc/htmlmems/index.htm
Applied Microengineering Limited   http://www.aml.co.uk/aml/
Arradial http://www.arradial.com/
Asia Pacific Microsystem, Inc (APM) www.erso.itri.org.tw
Asian Technology Information Program http://www.atip.org/datafab.pdf
Aspin Tech   None
August Technology   http://www.augusttech.com/
Aurora Biosciences Company   http://www.aurorabio.com/
AXSUN www.axsun.com
Bartels Mikrotechnik   http://www.bartels-mikrotechnik.de
BCO  http://www.bco-technologies.com/precavit.htm
BEI www.bei-tech.com
Belle Mead Research, Inc.  www.trimmer.net
Berkeley MicroInstruments, Inc.  http://www.berkeleymicroinst.com/
Boeing Information, Space, and Defense Systems   http://www.boeing.com
Borealis Technical   http://www.borealis.com/
Bosch  http://www.bosch.com/    n/mst/index.htm
BTG www.btgplc.com
Bullen Ultrasonics, Inc.   http://www.bullen-ultrasonics.com/
C2V http://www.c2v.nl/
Cadence Design Systems   http://www.altagroup.com/
Calient Networks   http://www.calient.net/
Caliper  http://www.calipertech.com/welcome.html
Campus Micro Technologies GmbH (CMT)  http://www.campus-micro-technologies.de
Cepheid   http://www.cepheid.com/
CFD Research Corporation   http://www.cfdrc.com/datab/Applications/MEMS/mems.html
CHA Industries  www.chaindustries.com
ChemIcon Inc. ChemIcon Inc., www.chemimage.com/
Colibrys  http://www.colibrys.com/
CoreTek, Inc.   http://www.coretekinc.com/
Covalent Materials Inc http://www.covalentmaterials.com/
Coventor Microcosm   http://www.coventor.com/
Coyote Systems   http://www.coyotesystems.com/
Cronos Integrated Microsystems (formerly MCNC MEMS Technology Applications Center)   http://www.memsrus.com/
CSEM Microsystems   http://www.csem.ch/competen.html
Cyrano Sciences Inc. http://cyranosciences.com/
D-STAR Engineering Corporation   http://www.dstarengineering.com/
Descera  http://www.discera.com/
Digital bio Technology   www.digital-bio.com
Draper Laboratory   http://www.draper.com
E V Group www.EVGroup.com
ECSI FIBRotools   http://www.fibrotools.com
EG&G IC Sensors   http://egginc.com/
Electronic Visions Co.   http://www.elvisions.com/
Elite Engineering Corporation   http://www.eliteeng.com
ELMOS   http://www.elmos.de
Endevco Corp.   http://www.endevco.com/
Endosonics   http://www.endosonics.com
Entran Sensors and Electronics   http://www.entran.com/
ERSO also ITRI    http://www.itri.org.tw/mems/english/introduce/01.htm
Etec  http://www.etec.com
EXAR Corporation  http://www.exar.com/
Exponent Failure Analysis Associates, Inc.   http://www.Exponent.com
F&S, Inc.   http://www.f-s.com/
Fairchild Semiconductor, South Portland  Main fairchildsemi.com/careers/culspm.html
FINLE Technologies, Inc.   http://www.finle.com/
Foothill Instruments   http://www.foothill-instruments.com/
FSI International   http://www.fsi-intl.com
Gen-Probe   http://www.gen-probe.com/
General Electric   http://www.ge.com/
Genomics www.usgenomics.com
Glimmerglass Ltd.   www.glimglass.com 
Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company   http://www.goodyear.com
H Power Corp.   http://www.hpower.com
Haleos Inc   http://www.haleos.com/
Hewlett Packard Laboratories  hp   http://www.hp.com
HL Planar http://www.hlplanar.de/engl/datasheets/hl-planar.pdf
Honeywell www.memsservice.com
Honeywell    http://content.honeywell.com/sensing/products/di/
Honeywell Sensing and Control Group  http://www.sensing.honeywell.com
Honeywell Services  www.memsservices.com
Honeywell Technology Center   http://www.htc.honeywell.com/
HTA Photomask   http://www.htaphotomask.com
HTE Labs   http://members.aol.com/htelabs/
Hygrometrix, Inc.   http://www.hygrometrix.com/
Hyseq   http://www.hyseq.com/
i-STAT Corporation   http://www.i-stat.com/
ICSensors msiusa.com
iCurie Lab   www.icurie-lab.com
IMD  Institute of Microelectronics  http://www.ime.org.sg
IMI http://www.imi-mems.com/dualaxis.htm
IncyteGenomics   http://www.incyte.com/reagents/lifearray/index.shtml
Indigo Systems Corp http://indigosystems.com/
InMat http://www.inmat.com/index.htm
Innovative Micro Technology (IMT) no web site found
Innovative Micro Technology, imt www.imtmens.com
Innovative MicroTechnology (IMT) http://www.imtmems.com/
Integrated Micro InstrumentsIMI   http://www.imi-mems.com/
Integrated Micromachines, Inc.   http://www.micromachines.com/
Integrated Sensing Systems Incorporated (ISSYS)   http://www.mems-issys.com/
Intel http://www.intel.com/research/silicon/mems.htm
Intelligent Micro Patterning, LLC http://www.intelligentmp.com/
Intellimicronons   www.intellimicorns.com
IntelliSense   http://www.intellisense.com/
International Business Machines   http://www.research.ibm.com/topics/serious/nano/
International Wafer Service www.siwafer.com
Interscience, Inc.   http://www.intersci.com/
iolon, Inc.   http://www.iolon.com
Ion Beam Milling, Inc.   http://members.aol.com/ionbeamnh/
Ion Optics  http://www.ion-optics.com/
iridigm http://www.iridigm.com/load8/main_menu.html
Irvine Sensors   http://www.irvine-sensors.com /
Isonics Corp http://www.isonics.com/
IVAM  www.ivamnrw.com
JC Nabity Lithography Systems  http://www.jcnabity.com
Jobin Yvon Ltd. Jobin Yvon Ltd.,  http://www.jyhoriba.co.uk
Karl Suss http://www.vhti.org/Companies/Ksuss.htm
Kavlico Corporation   http://www.kavlico.com/
Kionix   http://www.kionix.com
Kistler Instrument Corporation   http://www.kistler.com/Default.htm
Kumetrix Inc.  http://www.kumetrix.com/
Kymata Netherlands B.V (Twente MicroProducts)  .  http://www.kymata.nl/
Lambda Physik www.lambdaphysik.com
Lamerholm Fleming   http://www.lamerholm.com
LEISTER Process  http://www.leister.com/
Lightconnect http://www.lightconnect.com/home.htm
LIMO  http://www.limo.de
Lucas Novasensor   http://www.novasensor.com/
Lucent Technologies Optical Networking 
M Fluidics   none
M2N  www.micro2nano.com
MCNC MEMS  http://mems.mcnc.org/
Medtronic  http://www.Medtronic.com/
Megasense http://www.megasense.com/
Melexis http://www.melexis.com/
MEMGen  www.memgen.com
MEMS Exchange   http://www.mayo.edu/sppdg/sppdg_home_page.html
MEMS Optical Inc.   http://www.memsoptical.com/
MEMS Precision Instruments   http://www.memspi.com/
Mems Technology, Inc.  www.avaloninvest.com
MEMS, Inc.   http://www.memsinc.com/
MEMSCAP  http://www.memscap.com
MEMSIC   http://www.memsic.com/
MEMStek Products http://www.mems.com/
MEMSware   www.memsware.com
MEMX  none found
MesoSystems Technology Inc.   http://www.mesosystems.com/
Micralyne  http://www.micralyne.com
Micro Analog Systems www.mas-oy.com
Micro Montage  http://www.micromontage.nl/index_rght.htm
MicroChemical Systems SA   http://www.microchemical.com/
MicroChemLab http://microchemlab.com/
Microchips www.mchips.com
Microcosm Technologies, (Now Coventor)   http://www.memcad.com/
microFAB   http://www.microfab.de
Micronics, Inc.   http://www.micronics.net/
Micronit  http://www.micronit.com
MicroOptical Corporation   http://www.microopticalcorp.com/mems.html
microParts   http://www.microparts.de
Micropump Inc.   http://www.micropump.com/
Microscape   http://www.microscape1.com/
Microsensors Inc.  http://www.microsensors.com/
MicroSolution   www.micro-solns.com
Microstrain   http://www.microstrain.com/
MicroSurfaces, Inc. http://memssurface.com
microTEC   http://www.microtec-d.com/
Microvision   http://www.mvis.com/
MicroWise   www.microwise.co.kr
MINANET http://www.minanet.com/
Motorola   http://mot-sps.com/sensors/
MST Design  http://www.mst-design.co.uk/
N & K Technology Inc.   http://www.nandk.com/
nABACUS www.nabacus.com
Nanochip   http://www.nanochip.com/
Nanogen   http://www.nanogen.com/
Nanomaterials Research Corporation   http://www.nrcorp.com/
NanoOpto http://www.nanoopto.com/
NanoScience Corp  www.nanosciences.com
Nanostream Inc.  www.nanostream.com
Nanostructures, Inc.   http://nanostructures.com/
Neutronix   http://www.neutronixinc.com/
New Jersey Microsystems, Inc. www.jerseymicro.com
NEXEX  http://www.NEXEX.com
NEXUS www.nexus-mems.com
Nine Sigma http://www.ninesigma.com/
Norsam Technologies   http://www.norsam.com/
Northrop Grumman Electronic Sensors and Systems Sector   http://sensor.northgrum.com/stc/index.htm
Obducat  http://www.obducat.com
OnStream http://www.onstreammst.com/
Optek Technology, Inc.   http://www.optekinc.com/product.htm
Optical Micro-Machines, Inc.   http://www.omminc.com/
Orchid   http://www.orchidbio.com/
Oxford Plasma   http://www.oxfordplasma.de/homepage.htm
Pacific Microinstruments, Inc.   http://www.PacificMicroinstruments.com/
PCB Piezotronics   http://www.pcb.com/
Perkin Elmer (EG&G IC Sensors)   http://www.perkinelmer.com/egg/view_division.cgi/Divisions/Opto|112
Philips  http://www.philips.semiconductors.com/
Phone-or http://www.phone-or.com /
PHS MEMS   www.phsmems.com
Piezo Solutions   http://www.piezosolutions.net
Plasma-Therm, Inc.   http://www.semiconductors.unaxis.com/
Polytec PI www.polytecpi.com
Polytec PI http://www.polytecpi.com/
Potomac Photonics Inc.   http://www.potomac-laser.com/
Protron Mikrotechnik  http://www.protron-mikrotechnik.de
QuickSin, Inc. www.quicksil.com
Raytheon Systems Company   http://potomac-laser.com
Redwood Microsystems   http://www.redwoodmicro.com/
Reflectivity, Inc. http://www.reflectivity.com/
Resonetics   http://www.resonetics.com/
Revise Inc.  http://www.revise.com
Rockwell Science Center   http://www.rsc.rockwell.com
Roger Grace Associates  http://www.rgraceassoc.com
Samsung  www.sait.samsung.co.kr
Sarcos   http://www.sarcos.com/
Sarnoff Corporation   http://www.sarnoff.com
Science Applications International Corporation   http://www.saic.com/
Semicore Equipment, Inc.   http://semicore.com/
Semitool   http://www.semitool.com/
Sensant Corp.   http://www.sensant.com/
Sense Holdings Inc. http://www.senseme.com/
Sensicore   www.senicore.com
Sensirion   http://www.sensirion.com
SensoNor asa  www.sensonor.com/
SensorNor www.sensonor.no
Sentir Semiconductor   http://www.sentir.net/
Sercalo  http://www.sercalo.com/
Seyonic SA http://www.seyonic.com/
sgt Sensor Consulting  http://www.sgt-sensor.de/
Silicon Designs, Inc.   http://www.silicondesigns.com/
Silicon Light Machines (Echelle, Inc.)   http://www.siliconlight.com/
Silicon Microstructures, Inc.   http://www.si-micro.com/
Silicon Sense www.siliconsense.com
Silicon Sensing Systems (SSS)  http://www.siliconsensing.com/
Silicon Valley Microelectronics http://svmi.com/
Silicon Valley Microelectronics Inc www.svmi.com
Silicon Valley Sensors Inc.  http://www.svsensors.com/
SiTek Inc.  http://www.sitek-inc.com/
Sony  www.foundry.sony.com
SOTEC Microsystems http://www.somisys.ch/
Spectron Laser Systems  http://www.spectron.co.uk
Sporian Microsystems, Inc.  http://www.sporian.com/
SRI International www.sri.com
SSI Technologies   http://www.ssitechnologies.com/
Standard MEMS, Inc.   http://www.stdmems.com/
SuperArray Inc. www.superarray.com
Supertex  http://www.supertex.com
Surface Technology Systems   http://www.stsystems.com/
Symyx Technologies, Inc. http://www.symyx.com/
Sysmelec SA  http://www.sysmelec.ch/
Systems & Process Engineering Corp. http://www.spec.com/
Tanner Research   http://www.tanner.com/
Tellium, Inc. http://www.tellium.com
TeraFuse  www.therafuse.com
Texas Instruments   http://www.ti.com/
Texas Nanotechnology Initiative www.texasnano.org
Thin Film Technology, Inc.   http://www.thinfilmtechnology.com/
TiNi Alloy Company   http://www.sma-mems.com/
Top-Vu Technology http://www.topvu.com/
TOS   http://www.fds.tz-dd.de
Translume   www.translume.com
Trion Technology   http://www.triontech.com/
TRONIC’S Microsystems http://www.tronics-mst.com/
TRW Lucas NovaSensor http://www.novasensor.com/
Twente Micro Products http://www.el.utwente.nl/mesa/tmp/
Twente MicroProducts, Kymata Netherlands   http://www.kymata.nl/
UBM Corporation   http://www.ubmusa.com/
Ultrasil Corp. ultrasil.com
Ultratech Stepper   http://www.ultratech.com/
Umachines Inc.   http://www.umachinesinc.com/
Unaxis  http://www.plasmatherm.com/
Vacco Industries   http://www.vacco.com/
Veeco   http://www.veeco.com
Verimetra, Inc.   http://www.verimetra.com
Virginia Semiconductor Inc.  http://www.virginiasemi.com
Walsin Lihwa Company www.walsin.com.tw/c-walsin/index.htm
Weidman  http://www.weidmann-plastics.com/medical.htm?0228.htm
XACTIX www.xactix.com
Xactix, inc.  http://www.xactix.com/
Xensor Integration  http://www.xensor.nl
Xerox Palo Alto Research Center   http://www.parc.xerox.com/spl/projects/mems-actl/
Xinetics Inc.   http://www.tiac.net/users/xinetics/
Xpedion Company http://www.xpedion.com/solutions.htm
Xros http://www.Xros.com/
Zygo Corp.   http://www.zygo.com
Zyvex   http://www.zyvex.com

One-piece Access Points

Intel’s new Grantsdale chipset, to be released in the first half of next year, will eliminate the need for a separate wireless access point. Thanks to the Grantsdale chipset, Pentium IV desktop computers will be able to act as WiFi hubs.

Today, Access Points and Wireless Routers (APs with multiple Ethernet ports), cost $50 to $150 and connect to a computer. Next year a desktop computer may double as a WiFi hub, simplifying the networking process. Incorporated into the computer, the Grantsdale chipset will not include an actual Wi-Fi radio – users will need to buy a wireless add-on card.

One disadvantage – desktop computers would have to be kept on 24-hours a day.

Sales of low-end access points could dip if PC owners rely on the capabilities of their Intel-powered desktop computers, but other analysts say the utility of a stand alone hub is hard to beat.

Next year, Intel’s graphic chip, the 865G, will be replaced by the Grantsdale-G. Intel’s Grantsdale-G will include integrated Intel Extreme Graphics 3 with dual-display support according to X-bit Labs. Features include PCI Express x16 graphics port (PEG x16), Intel Extreme Graphics 3 – Intel’s third generation integrated graphics core, dual-channel DDR-II SDRAM, dual-monitor, 4 Serial ATA-150 ports, 4 PCI Express x1 ports and Azalia audio. Grantsdale-G will have hardware support for Pixel Shaders 2.0 in order to properly render GUI interface of Microsoft’s next-generation software code-named Longhorn.

Intel chipset roadmap, 2003-2005
2003 (P4) 2004 (Prescott) 2005 (Tejas)
High-end 875P Alderwood
Mid-range (Springdale) 865P Grantsdale P Lakeport P
865G Grantsdale G Lakeport G
Entry-level 875P Grantsdale GV
Grantsdale GL

Intel, preparing for its upcoming Grantsdale line, will cut 865 series chipset pricing by as much as 6.3 per cent on 28 December. According to Intel’s roadmap, it will launch Grantsdale P and Grantsdale G chipsets supporting the new-generation Socket T (LGA775) Prescott processor in the second quarter of 2004.

Of course, stand-alone access points (that need no computer) are nothing new. Many options are available to simplify Hot Spot activation by eliminating the computer. They include:

  • The Linksys WRT-54g can be converted into a solid-state public hotspot – without a computer. How? Splash54G runs out of the system RAM on the Linksys access point. NoCatSplash community LAN software can be embedded inside the device by flashing the ramdisk on the Linksys device. It’s apparently a little tricky, but a Linksys WRT-54 ($80), can be modified with a mini Linux distribution that installs inside the Linksys ramdisk. No computer necessary. Just plug the device into a DSL or cable modem.

  • The Pronto Hotspot Controller is a highly integrated, small footprint access device, providing a complete ‘in a box’ solution. Pronto Hotspot Controller has the capability to attach local printers, storage devices and provide a demilitarized zone (dmz) for connecting property owners’ computers in a secure zone.

  • FatPort has all the components a community network or startup WISP needs including a 200 mW wireless card. FatPoint’s one-piece access point and authentication gateway runs CompactBSD – a custom distribution of OpenBSD – that fits on Compact Flash cards. The distribution is available on Sourceforge to the open source community.

  • Boingo‘s “Hot Spot in a Box” ($895.99), uses a Colubris CN3000, pre-configured with Boingo’s software for billing and Authentication.

  • The ZyAIR B-4000 combines an 802.11b wireless access point, router, 4-port switch, and wireless service gateway all in a single small-footprint box. No PC is needed – a one-button compact portable thermal printer connects directly to the gateway, allowing clerks and cashiers to easily print receipts with billing and password information. Even better – no back-end system integration is needed.

  • Open AP was an earlier attempt to use access points as standalone gateway boxes. It required (now obsolete) hardware such as US Robotics (USR 2450), SMC EZconnect (2652W) Addtron (AWS-100) to flash with linux 2.4.17. The end product was said to be a linux-based access point providing full wireless services, including multipoint to multipoint wireless bridging without a computer.

  • LocustWorld has a hardware/software implementation of an open access point platform capable of meeting the needs of community networks. The system is available for purchase as a ready-to-go system called the “MeshBox“, or the software can be freely downloaded from LocustWorld’s website. A bootable CD version of the MeshAP software can be used to instantly run the software on a laptop or desktop PC. Nothing is installed on the hard drive and everything runs from memory.

  • Dave Sifry’s Sputnik lets you turn an Intel PC into a dedicated 802.11b wireless access point. The Sputnik Gateway is also available as an open source project. You must have one ordinary Ethernet card and an available PCMCIA slot for an Intersil Prism II chipset 802.11b card with 8.0.3 or higher firmware.

  • PCTel software converts a PC into a fully functional access point. Their Segue SAM software works with Intersil-developed Wi-Fi cards installed on a PC. PRISM GT (802.11g) and PRISM WorldRadio (802.11a, b & g) radios are supported. It supports WPA and MAC filtering, Wireless Distribution, firewall functions and allows customization of the user interface. PCTel’s gateway controller provides roaming. PCTel’s Software Access Point puts the access point software on a PC and supports 802.11a, 802.11b, or 802.11g networks, depending on the chip set used in the adapter. SAM is being licensed to adapter manufacturers, ISPs, and vendors of 802.11 client hardware. The first SAM-capable systems are expected to hit the market early next year.

  • Linux computers are often used as an access point. No stand-alone AP is required when coupled with Intersil Prism2/2.5/3 chipsets which feature Host AP firmware on the chip. Community LAN software like NoCat, enables management functions and “splash pages” to be incorporated without a standalone access point.

  • The Soekris box boots from Compact Flash and includes multiple Ethernet interfaces, a mini-PCI slot, hardware watchdog, serial console, and an AMD 133 MHz processor. It’s often loaded with a mini Linux distribution and NoCatAuth for shared wireless Internet.

  • OpenBrick is a small computer with has a 300 MHz (fanless) Geode processor, an on-board NIC, a PCMCIA slot, and boots from Compact Flash. It runs on DC power, and unlike the Soekris, also has USB ports. It comes standard with 128 MB RAM, and also has room for a 2.5″ hard drive.

  • Embedded Solutions has a developer’s kit that supports Wifi wireless networking and data storage using CF cards. The uClinux kernel is preconfigured for wireless or flash storage. WiFi wireless networking is supported under uClinux by the Orinoco driver for the PRISM 2.5 wireless chipset.

Low income WiFi networks might Localize Content with a Jukebox Cloud, Radio station in a box and $200 handhelds. DailyWireless has more on tiny servers.

Free Ebooks

While looking for free e-books at Microsoft’s mslit.com, I discovered a treasure right in my own backyard.

The University of Oregon’s East Asia Digital Library is chock full of interesting stories. Most work with Microsoft Reader and many multi-media files are available. Check ’em out.

What’s New this week in ebooks?
e-Asia currently holds over 1,000 e-books, most of which are in Microsoft Reader format. In the case of some Chinese works, the file format is that of kiosked IE browser (.exe) files. e-Asia also holds many .pdf files.

New in audio
The audio archive
files held by e-Asia are exclusively in MP3 format. For the most part, these are audio files of historical interest rather than popular music of the present-day.

Toolkit news
Visit the tools home page
While the e-Asia library collects research tools in its database, it is very useful to have major tools in their own digital “shed. The e-Asia toolkit will build its repertoire over time.

Database news
See the Database gateway page for searching tips >The e-Asia database of web-accessible full text currently holds approximately 3,000 items. The largest database by far is that of Chinese materials with Japan a distant second. Databases for Taiwan and the Koreas are small and in the formative stage.
New in maps
e-Asia‘s maps holdings are, for the most part, rather unique and selective rather than comprehensive. For a greater selection of maps — both modern and historical — search the e-Asia database under the MAPS category.

New in images
The images archive
e-Asia is, for the most part, a by-product of digitizing books; however, e-Asia has recently added several clips of atomic bomb detonations. These are relevant to Japan since they show the effect of “Fat Man” bombs of the type dropped at Nagasaki. Also added are three photographs from the book, Islam in China — which is soon to be added as an e-book.


: The majority of e-Asia e-books are in Microsoft Reader format, which is presently available only for the PC, the Tablet PC, and Pocket PC. You will need to download and install a special reader program. Virtually everything that you can do with a print book you can do with a Reader e-book. Unlike print books, however, most e-books are full text.

Gutenberg Radio” is on the air. More precisely, you can hear the Gutenberg Library and anything else that’s online, synthesized by a robot reader.

Other public domain text is available at Bibliomania, Project Gutenberg and many other sites.

The University of Virginia Library’s Etext Center, operates one of the world’s largest and busiest public eBook libraries. Onlinebooks at the University of Pennsylvania, has over 19,000 listings. TeleRead calls for well-stocked national digital libraries in the United States and elsewhere.

Audio books bring these benefits to immigrants, disabled, children without an adult reader to sit with them, and many others who would simply be out of luck otherwise. More than 54 million Americans are disabled, nearly 20 percent of the U.S. population, according to Adaptive Technology.

Download Microsoft Reader for PCs with ClearType™, Microsoft’s patented invention that makes text clear. Microsoft has a free Word to Reader tool to convert Word documents, and can take advantage of the Microsoft Reader Text-to-Speech (TTS) Package. You create an eBook in Microsoft Reader format with one easy step. Just drop in the html, text or Word document.

Microsoft’s Reader runs on PCs and handhelds and features accessibility functions like Microsoft’s Text-to-Speech Package (a free download) and “talks” in three languages. Windows XP enhances accessibility for people with specific vision, hearing, mobility, cognitive and seizure-related disabilities.

Overdrive‘s eBookExpress Website may be the fastest and easiest way to create eBooks. The ebook Express website (FAQ), is makes an e-book for free and eliminates downloading publishing software. Just click to upload your document.

Fonix SpeakThis lets everyone hear your website spoken out loud. Just add a SpeakThis button to your page. It automatically translates and provides text to speech audio output. A range of services are provided typically costing several hundred dollars a year. Fonix provides speech recognition for the Xbox.

Alta Vista’s Babelfish can translate up to 150 words for free. SYSTRAN, partnered with OracleMobile.com, a leading wireless consumer portal, offers translation service anywhere, anytime, from any mobile device. SYSTRAN Microsoft Plus ($39.95) includes Voice Command, which gives consumers the ability to play back and control music and video files by speaking to their computer. The software can respond to 35 different spoken commands. Logitech’s iFeel Mouse ($40) will come bundled with specialized software that lets users feel” their way through tasks” when using Microsoft’s Excel, Word and Windows XP.

IVAN (Intelligent Voice Animated Navigator), right, will search the Web in natural, conversational language. You ask IVAN questions and tell him where you want to go and what you want to find on the Web. IVAN’s artificial intelligence adapts to learn your voice. Surfing the Web is faster and easier. The same company offers Microsoft’s Voice Messaging so multiple parties can converse anywhere in the world and low – or no – cost through the internet. Cymouse ($180), a headset for gamers and Miracle Mouse ($700) for disabled users translates head movement into mouse input via an infrared sensor positioned on the user’s forehead. Intel’s Open Source “Gesture Library” (Yahoo e-group), translates what the camera sees into commands. Voice XML is the voice markup language that’s driving the voice-enabled internet. It will allow for automatic, real-time translation. Speak Freely is a 100% free Internet telephone originally written in 1991 by John Walker, founder of Autodesk. Be Vocal and Lernout & Hauspie recognition/text-to-speech provide translator software.

Translation software from IBM includes the WebSphere Translation Server works with Microsoft IIS (Internet Information Service) and translates 200 words per second in real-time with bi-directional translation of English to/from French, Italian, German, and Spanish and unidirectional translation of content from English to Japanese, Korean, and Chinese. Alta Vista’s Babblefish language translator is a free web site but is limited to 150 words and doesn’t work in “real-time” chat. FreeTranslation.com is another easy-to-use site for rapid translations. Their real-time translation works for e-mail, instant messaging and web sites.

ViaVoice speech recognition can dictate, edit and format text directly into Microsoft Word and embedded speech recognition on the iPaq handheld provides voice access to appointments, tasks, e-mail, phone numbers and addresses. Sight-impaired people might get improved services and save money with embedded speech recognition on a handheld and text-to-speech output. Translation software and services could provide employment and education at the same time. Information can be “read” in a variety of languages.

Fonix iSpeak 2.0 Text Reader can run on a handheld and reads email with a natural, human sounding voice while Microsoft’s text chat and wireless conferencing for the Palm can unite desparate groups. Simply Web 2000 speech enables Internet Explorer at no cost while Connect OutLoud ($295) provides speech output for Windows applications as well as browsers. Dragon Naturally Speaking and JAWS for Windows (Job Access With Speech), “hears” and “talks”. It’s used daily in offices around the world. Combining speech-to-text (and text-to-speech) may also enable “talking” kiosks or sculptures that can engage the public. The Phraselator ($1500) is a Pocket PC device with voice input and translated voice output. A Phraselator kiosk might enable real-time translations.

Free ebooks are available at University of Virginia Ebook Library, MSLit.com, abacci.com, memoware.com, fictionwise.com, baen.com, blackmask.com, classicistranieri.com, eBooks.com, e-book.com.au, The Gutenberg Project, Internet Public Library, Pdabooks.org, pocketpcpress.com, maxebook.com. Commercial sites include fictionwise.com, ebookad.com, eBookMall, Powells.com, Yahoo’s eBook Store and others.

Free PocketPC software and Free Palm software and Free eBooks like Native American literature and Early American fiction are available for downloading.

Happy Thanksgiving!

Sputnik Upgrades Cloud Administrator

Sputnik’s WiFi management software and access points (APs) are unique – dozens of inexpensive Wireless access points can be controlled from a single server. Now their management software has been upgraded to Sputnik Central Control 2.2

I missed the news earlier this month but WiFi Netnews and LinuxDevices had good summarys of their management software and Access Point.

For example, Softmatrix, a software consulting firm, uses Sputnik APs and management software to provide splash pages for Chevy and Saturn car dealerships, managing the hot spots centrally.

Sputnik features customizeable splash page and lets the administrator manage multiple APs from a single console. David Sifry, the cofounder and CTO of Sputnik and creator and maintainer of Technorati, explains;

“These products make it easy for Wireless ISPs, Hotspot operators, and IT Services companies to roll out managed, authenticated wireless access. At $185 per AP, the Sputnik AP 120 is one half to one fifth the price of wireless Access Points with equivalent features. The Access Point is completely managable centrally – everything from initial provisioning to ongoing maintenance and firmware upgrades, can be done centrally”.

“Sputnik Central Control acts as the centralized management console, and the $895 price includes a software license to manage up to 20 Access Points. Additional licensing packs are available as well. Add it all up, and the complete Sputnik system is at least one half to one tenth the price of similar solutions. Sputnik even offers completely free licensing for community wireless groups – making it easy to start and manage a community wireless network”.

LinuxDevices explains the nuts and bolts of their system. Sputnik Central Control enables administrators to track who is on the network, see how much bandwidth they consume, manage end-users, define policies, create captive portal pages, view and create pre-defined or custom reports.

The Sputnik Agent is the key to the manageability hooks that enable automatic configuration and centralized management. Sputnik’s own Access Point, the AP 120, is built around an 802.11b chip from Intersil, recently reorganized as Globalspan, and Sputnik is working on a “Duette” version with 802.11-b/g.

Some 100KB of portable code is incorporated into the firmware of their commodity Access Points. That provides the manageability hooks. It enables automatic configuration, dynamic firewalling, multiple captive portal redirects, policy routing, centralized management, and end-user tracking.

Central Control also includes hooks for functions like billing or an existing AAA security mechanism. For example, if a hotspot provider is also an ISP, it can use an existing billing or authentication platform. Operators that are new to the game can also link to any merchant billing site for credit card processing.

LinuxDevices says an AP Concentrator is being developed. It enables one or more unmodified third-party APs to be managed by Sputnik Central Control by adding the Sputnik Agent to the compact flash of a single board computer like a Soekris box (which supports two NICs).

The Sputnik solution may be ideal for campus or mall-like “clouds”. Dozens of access points can be managed from a single station without the high cost of enterprise-level solutions.

Hacking Starbucks

Computerworld reports that a group of clever independent security analysts from the Shmoo Group has created a program that makes it easy for a hacker to slurp up your log-in information before you’ve even quaffed the foam on your cappuccino. The hacker can then use the information to obtain free wireless Internet access and make you foot the bill.

The new tool, called Airsnarf, broadcasts a powerful signal that disconnects any nearby hot spot users from the Internet. Then it broadcasts a sign-in page that looks like the log-in site of the legitimate Wi-Fi provider. When users, figuring they were knocked off the Internet momentarily, log in again, their user name and password go to the hackers, not the ISP.

The Airsnarf program could be running on the laptop — even a PDA — by the person sitting next to you. With the right antennas, crackers intent on stealing passwords wouldn’t even need to get out of their cars. All they’d have to do is park in front of the cafe, sit for a while running Airsnarf and then move on.

The program was never intended to be used as a tool for theft, according to its creators, members of a loosely affiliated group of computer security experts who call themselves the Shmoo Group. “Airsnarf was developed and released to demonstrate an inherent vulnerability of public 802.11b hot spots,” the group writes on its Web site.

Spokespeople for two of the largest wireless access providers, T-Mobile and Wayport, say they don’t know of any subscribers whose log-in information was stolen this way and don’t anticipate the problem being widespread enough to warrant major changes to the way they run their services. But can a hacker use your log-in information to get at more sensitive personal data? Both companies say no. Though you may use the same user name and password to connect to the Internet and to manage your account online, the ISPs report that credit card numbers and other sensitive data are hidden from view when you log in to your account information.

If you use a wireless hot spot, the best defense against this kind of service theft is to change your password regularly — at least once a month. And keep close tabs on your monthly bill.

“Mutual authentication” of client and server, part of the 802.1x standard, can ensure that users are connecting to a legal network, preventing man-in-the-middle attacks. PCTel, iPass, Funk and Padcom have software available that WISPs could license and distribute to users of practically all major platforms. Possibile solutions might include:

The 802.1x standard is a framework for secure, mutual authentication between a network and end-users. Many enterprises currently support 802.1x to protect their wireless networks because it requires interrogation by the server. Vipin Jain, inventor of the 802.1x authentication protocol and a vice president at Extreme Networks, recently spoke with CNET about recent security developments in the context of wireless networking.

Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is the new, Wi-Fi Alliance mandated security mechanism, with fewer security holes than the previous encryption effort, Wireless Equivalent Privacy (WEP).

Perhaps the Shmoo Group should watch their hinnie. Starbucks and McDonalds are about as tolerant as The New York Times. Remember Adrian?

And this just in…

Broadband Reports, one of the most informative and newsy sites on the net, linked to this story and posted a comment from someone called gdead

So I’ve been involved in the Airsnarf project (I presented with Beetle at BlackHat Federal in DC a few months ago on the project). I’ve got a few things to say about this tool and the write-up about this.

First off, the type of attack that airsnarf carries out is not rocket science. It is not about breaking encryption but rather about tricking the client. The attack can be fully explained in about 5 minutes to a level that anyone with familiarity with 802.11 can fully understand it.

HOWEVER, not a single OS vendor, security tool provider, or driver vendor alert the user that this kind of attack is being performed. This is completely a layer 2 attack that should be caught by any wireless security tool. At the point of our talk at BH, nothing existed that would tell the user “hey, bad things are afoot… you should stop using this network”. Airsnarf is a wakeup call to the vendors.

To that end, we also wrote the hotspot defense kit (HSDK). It’s designed to alert the user that there is a layer 2 attack underway. It can be downloaded from the airsnaft page. Currently it only runs on OS X, but we are working on a windows port.

Finally, I am not a 3l337 blackhat hacker. I coauthored 802.11 Security through O’Reilly. I also try to educate as many people as I can about wireless security through talks, mailing lists, etc.

Would that be Bruce Potter? Who knows. It sounds like a reasonable justification, doesn’t it. Bruce Potter’s 2003 Power Point presentation describes the problem. Check it out.

It’s already had a practical impact on me – and that’s probably a good thing. Today the Community Center where I work got a rooftop Wi-Fi system installed. But we’re not going to fire it up until we have a better security plan. This thing has me spooked.

How do you suppose Anthony Townsend (NYC Wireless) et. al. handle liability issues in Bryant Park? I’m going to write him. Sometimes I feel like a moron. Sometimes I don’t.
– Sam Churchill

For a good overview with practical tips, check out the 802.11 Security Web Page at Seattle Wireless.