Back in February, 2010, Google announced an offer to provide a free fiber optic service – with 1 Gbps, fiber-to-the-home connections – to one lucky community in the United States. Nearly 1,100 cities, with populations between 50,000 and up to 500,000, submitted proposals to Google.
Today, Google has announced their decision. And the prize goes to…Kansas City, Kansas.
Why did Google choose Kansas City, Kansas?
In selecting a city, our goal was to find a location where we could build efficiently, make an impact on the community and develop relationships with local government and community organizations. We’ve found this in Kansas City. We’ll be working closely with local organizations including the Kauffman Foundation, KCNext and the University of Kansas Medical Center to help develop the gigabit applications of the future. Pending approval from the city’s Board of Commissioners, we plan to offer service beginning in 2012. We’ll also be looking closely at ways to bring ultra high-speed Internet to other cities across the country.
Google is joining Mayor Reardon in Kansas City, Kansas, for an event they’ll carry live on the Google YouTube channel at 10am PDT.
Kansas City is the third-largest city in Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 145,786.
The population density is 1,181.9 people per square mile with 61,446 housing units at an average density of 494.5/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city is 55.7% White, 30.12% African American, 0.75% Native American, 1.72% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 8.61% from other races, and 2.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.78% of the population. Kansas City, Kansas is the home to the GM Fairfax plant, which manufactures the Chevrolet Malibu and the Buick LaCrosse.
Internet2 is building a nationwide 100 Gbps-capable network, leveraged by the United States Unified Community Anchor Network (U.S. UCAN), a collaborative effort between the research, education and health care. Funded through a $62.5 million federal stimulus grant from the NTIA, Internet2 is increasing its network’s bandwidth from about 100 Gbps to 8.8 Tbps to connect over 200,000 community anchor institutions.
Internet2 and Lambda Rail both won a joint broadband grant to build what they call “Unified Community Anchor Network.” In total, the new network will be built over 17,000 miles of fiber. That fiber will be lit with Ciena’s ActivFlex 6500 Packet-Optical Platform equipped with WaveLogic coherent optical processors for its new network that can scale to 88 wavelengths of 100 Gbps. The new network with 88, 100 Gbps wavelengths, replaces the earlier 10 X 10 Gbps network, of Internet2. Internet2 interconnects with middle mile networks — some of which also are building broadband stimulus grant-funded networks. Level 3 will build the national network with 8.8 Tbps of capacity.
National LambdaRail is a 12,000-mile national fiber-optic network owned and operated by the U.S. research and education community, in contrast with Internet2, which is a university and corporate enterprise.
National LambdaRail was the first transcontinental 10-GigE network (with capacity up to 1.6 Tbit/s aggregate). The 100 Gbit/s upgrade is now underway. NLR has interconnection between the NLR-operated Cisco TelePresence Exchange with the commercial global equivalent exchanges at AT&T and Tata Communications.
Verizon’s Glenn Wellbrock, talks about their rollout of 100G. Verizon’s plans to rollout its own 100G fiber network along select U.S. routes by the second quarter of this year. It will use Juniper Networks’ routers and Ciena’s 100G optical transport. Verizon also used Juniper and Ciena equipment for its 100G deployment in Europe earlier this year. For the long-haul portion, a 100 Mb/s signal can be carried on a single wavelength. There are lots of wavelengths in a single strand, using wavelength-division multiplexing.
Larry Smarr loves Glimmerglass. It will be used for the West Coast’s underwater Ocean Observatory Network. Glimmerglass switches lightpaths, even whole bundles of DWDM wavelengths, using micro-mirrors.
Larry doesn’t share his 10GigE connection – Glimmerglass switches a dedicated 10GigE line directly into his PC – which happens to be an Optiputer, a tightly coupled supercomputer. Hard drive speeds. Shared.
- Fire, police and other emergency responders would get $10.7 billion in federal support for a dedicated public service network.
- About $5 billion, currently used for rural phone subsidies, would be repurposed to build cell towers and backhaul networks to towns without mobile broadband services.
- An additional $3 billion would go to research and development for wireless technologies.
DailyTech has analysis of the Administration’s broadband plan. It’s not a bad plan – if the 700 MHz “D-Block” were shared by the public and first responders. Otherwise, providing another 3% of Americans with broadband, by extending penetration from 95% to 98% (9.2 million people), is going to be very costly, according to critics like House Energy and Commerce Chairman, Fred Upton.
Related Dailywireless articles include; The 100 Gbps Backbone , Internet Traffic: 18 Minute Gap?, Google’s Transpacific Fiber Ready, The Telephone Game, Google + SingTel = Unity Submarine Fiber, Google: Now it’s Transpacific Fiber, Fiber Crosses the Pond, Municipal Broadband: Here We Go Again, Muni Fiber for Portland?, Supercomputer 05, Oceanic Fiber: The Global Express and Amazon Cloud for Ocean Observatories