D-Wave Systems, which closed a $30 million round of equity funding from Bezos Expeditions and In-Q-Tel, is getting lots of publicity thanks to Lockheed’s committment to a commercial scale D-Wave quantum computer, after an initial investment in D-Wave a couple of years ago. The NY Times has a profile on D-Wave’s quantum computer initiative.
Ray Johnson, Lockheed’s chief technical officer, said his company would use the quantum computer to create and test complex radar, space and aircraft systems. Here’s their attempt to explain quantum mechanics, an incomprehensible concept for most people (in this universe).
Quantum cryptography exploits a unique property of single particles, such as photons: they can exist in two separate states – such as vertically polarized or horizontally polarized – or something in-between, known as a quantum superposition.
Quantum cryptography has been described as a way of creating “unbreakable” messages and has attracted the attention of major technology companies, governments, banks and other security-focused clients. The Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication relies on a secure network for transmitting messages between financial institutions.
The stability of the world’s financial institutions requires unbreakable cryptography. Some observers view quantum computing as a double edge sword. A multi-dimensional space race. Whoever gets there first, wins.
D-Wave’s current superconducting 128-qubit processor chip is housed inside a cryogenics system within a 10 square meter shielded room. D-Wave’s Qubit chip as been described as a breakthrough development, similar to the first transistor.
“With the prospect of global-scale quantum communications and fundamental quantum science within new, unexplored regimes, the next few years are sure to be exciting,” say Jennewein and Higgins in Physics World. Their own group at the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) in Waterloo, Canada, is working closely with the Canadian Space Agency and industry partners to design a quantum satellite.
Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics in Waterloo, Canada, appears to be the center (of this) universe. Dr. Daniel Gottesman, from Perimeter Research, explains Quantum Cryptography.