Members of the Internet.org coalition — which includes Facebook, Qualcomm, Ericsson and others — released a 70-page white paper today that outlines how they plan to bring affordable internet to the next 5 billion people, reports Engadget.
Internet.org hopes to combine a tenfold improvement in the cost of delivering data, with apps that are 10 times more efficient.
According to the group’s estimates, data delivery is currently 100 times too expensive to execute the vision of Internet.org, but all of that could change within the next decade.
Facebook’s social graph comprises more than a trillion edges between people and
their friends. Pages they like, places they’ve visited, apps they use and countless
other connections creates copious meta data. Its Air Traffic Control system, allows it to simulate different mobile networks and congestion systems around the world.
Similarly, Facebook is looking to compression technologies such as WebP — currently in use on its Android app — to replace image formats such as PNG and JPEG, which alone could reduce network traffic by 20%.
Qualcomm estimates that the demand for data will double each year over the next 10 years, ultimately increasing 1000 fold over where it is today.
To meet that demand, Qualcomm is lobbying for a substantial spectrum reallocation, along with technologies such as carrier aggregation (bonding different bands), LTE-Broadcast (using multicasting), and LTE Direct, which allows first responders and others to communicate device-to-device even if the cell network is down.
Qualcomm and others have proposed Authorized Shared Access to enable commercial use of a band such as 3.5 GHz when and where it is not used by the government (such as ship radar).
ASA is binary—either an operator or the government would use the spectrum at any given time and location. A database would ensure that government operations are fully protected from interference.
Mobile broadband users rely on a good connection to the internet, says Ericsson, and this dependency is becoming even more critical now with the rapid uptake of smartphones, where connection to the cloud and access to apps are demanded anytime, anywhere.